The array includes a lot more than 2.2 million beneficial markers that are proven to be heterozygous in the African genome, maximizing the analysis of every sample thus. In comparison to competing arrays with an identical quantity of markers, it gets the highest coverage of variants in essential biological categories such as the National Individual Genome Research Institute , Catalog of Published Genome-Wide Association Research, Sanger Cancer Genome Census genes, Major Histocompatibilty Complex genes, cardiovascular genes, and immune and irritation pathway genes. The array offers coverage across chromosomes X and Y, the mitochondrial genome, and drug metabolism genes.The evaluate was performed by a radiologist who was unaware of study-group assignments and who specifically evaluated the location and any atypical features of fractures. Area of Fractures In our study, the region of interest was a fracture confined to the area below the lesser trochanter and above the distal metaphyseal flare . We excluded all periprosthetic fractures, pathologic fractures , and fractures connected with high-energy trauma. Other fracture groups included intertrochanteric only, intertrochanteric to subtrochanteric, and distal metaphysis. Evaluation of Atypia For fractures meeting the criteria for location, we used radiographs for morphologic evaluation. Morphologic measurements included oblique or transverse versus spiral, irregular cortical thickening , cortical beaking, medial spiking, and any contralateral similarities.